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The designers of the NATO phonetic alphabet seem to have cared more about the maintainence of traditional conceptions of phonetic alphabets than about strict adherence to the fundamental principle of anacrophony. True, they make a minor concession by using charlie to represent the letter C, but this almost feels like an oversight.
The NAPA is an attempt to make a truly anacrophonic phonetic alphabet. While we were unable to rigorously maintain anacrophony, we feel that the few exceptions were unavoidable. In any case, the NAPA hews much more closely to the basic idea of anacrophony than any other phonetic alphabet of which we are aware. (Some others are mentioned in the discussion on the NAPA design principles page.)
This is a working draft. To suggest improvements, visit the NAPA blog.
|Letter||Code word||Pronunciation||IPA from OED|
|B||bdellatomy||DEL LAH TUH MEE||dɛˈlætəmɪ|
|F||fantasm||FAN TAS UHM||ˈfæntæz(ə)m|
|I||ingénue||AHN JHE NOO||æ̃ʒeny|
|J||jipijapa||HIP EE HAH PUH||ˈhipɪˈhɑpə|
|L||llareta||YUH RAY DUH||ʎəˈreɪdə (Webster)|
|N||ngoma||ENG GO MUH||(ə)ŋˈgoʊmə|
|U||uakari||WUH KAH REE||wəˈkɑːrɪ|
|V||voetganger||FOOT HAHNG UR||ˈfuːtxɑŋə(r)|
|Z||zwieback|| SWEE BAHK |
| ˈswiːbɑk (Webster) |
Footnotes to the table:
We use the New Edition (in progress, 2000–) of the Oxford English Dictionary for our pronunciations. We list the primary pronunciation; if a distinction is made between British and U.S. pronunciation, we choose the primary U.S. pronunciation. The OED gives no separate U.S. pronunciation for heir, segar, and voetganger, and indicates that the final /r/ in these words is sometimes suppressed. While this is true in British English, it is not the case in American English, so in the pronunciation hints in the third column we have included the final /r/. ↩
Llareta is not listed in the OED, so we have converted Webster's pronunciation into IPA notation. ↩
We have listed Webster's pronunciation, as well as the OED's, because it is more common in the United States. ↩
For information on the development and design principles of the NAPA, see the NAPA design principles page.
What counts as a word, for the purposes of the NAPA? Again, see the NAPA design principles page.
To suggest improvements or to comment on the current NAPA draft, visit the NAPA blog.